The concepts and processes with regard to exploring, operating, ownership and the renunciation in mining industry are regulated below the Legislation No 3213, Turkish Mining Regulation ( “Law”). Even so, petroleum, natural gas, geothermal and water resources are exempted from implementation of the Legislation.
Minerals necessary to be certified beneath the Law are as follows:
1st Group minerals: Sand and gravel utilised in constructions and highway constructions and that are observed normally in character, brick-roofing tile clay, cement clay, marl, ruzzolantic rocks and rocks that are employed in cement and ceramic industries and not bundled in the other groups.
2nd Group minerals: Calcite, dolomite, limestone, granite, andesite, rocks from basalt aggregates, rocks used for earning completely ready-mixed concrete and asphalt, Stones produced in blocks this kind of as marble, travertine, granite, basalt andesite and organic stones employed for decorative uses. Rocks these as Calcite, dolomite, limestone, granite, andesite, basalt made use of for manufacturing built-in cement, lime and calcite to be utilized in the grinding mill.
3rd Team minerals: Slats in the form of remedy and obtained from sea, lake and spring water, Carbon Dioxide (CO2) gasoline (other than for geothermal, all-natural gas and parts that have petroleum), hydrogen sulphur.
4th Group minerals: Kaolin, Dickite, Nacrite, Halloysite, Endellit, Anauxite, Bentonite, Montmorillonite, Baydilite, Nontronite, Saponite, Hectorite, Illite, Vermiculite, Allofanoid, Imalogite, Chlorite, Sepiolite, Palygorskite (Attapulgite), Loglinite and clays that are a mixture of those people, Refractory clays, Gypsum, Anhydrite, Alaunite (Alum), Halite, Sodium, Potassium, Lithium, Calcium, Magnesium, Chlorine, Nitrate, Iodine, Fluor, Bromine and other salts, Boron salts (Colemanite, Ulexite, Boracite, Tincal, Pandermite or other boron minerals that contains minimal 10% B 2O 3), Stroncium salts (Celestite, Stronthianite), Barite, Vollastonite, Talc, Steatite, Pyrophyllit, Diatomite, Olivine, Dunite, Sillimanite, Andalusite, Dumortierite, Disthene (Cyanide), Phosphate, Apatite, Asbestos (Amiantus), Magnesite, Huntite, All-natural Sodium carbonate minerals (Trona, Nacolite, Dawsonite), Zeolite, Pumice, Pecheisenstein, Perlite, Obsidian, Grafito, Sulfur, Fluorite, Kryolith, Grindstone, Corundum, Diasporite, Quartz, Quartzite and, Quartzite and Quartz sand that contain minimum 80% SiO2 in its composition, Feldspar (Feldspar and Feldspathoid group of minerals), Mica (Biotite, Muskovit, Sericite, Lepidolite, Flogopite), Nephelined Syenite, Chalcedony. Peat, Lignite, Bituminous Coal, Coal Gasoline Anthracite, Asphaltite, Bituminous Schist, Bituminous Shale, coccolith and Sapropel (reserving the provisions of Petroleum Regulation). Gold, Silver, Platinum, Copper, Lead, Zinc, Iron, Pyrite, Manganese, Chromium, Mercury, Seaborgium, Tinsel, Vanadium, Arsenic, Molybdenum, Tungsten (Wolframite, Scheelite), Cobalt, Nickel, Cadmium, Bismuth, Titanium (Ilmenite, Rutile), Aluminum (Bauxite, Gypsite, Böhmite), exceptional earth things (Cerium Group, Yttrium Group) and rare earth minerals (Bastnaesite, Monazite, Xenotime, Serit, Oxsenite, Samarskite, Fergusonite),Cesium, Rubidium, Beryllium, Indium, Gallium, Thallium, Zirconium, Hafnium, Germanium, Niobium, Tantalum, Selenium, Tellurium, Rhenium, radioactive minerals containing factors such as uranium, thorium, radium and other radioactive substances.
5th Team minerals: Diamond, Sapphire, Ruby, Beryllium, Emerald, Morganite, Aquamarine, Heliodor, Alexandrite, Agate, Onyx, Sardonix, Jasp-agate, Carnotite, Heliotrope, Bloodstone, Krisopras, Opal (Irize Opal, Fireplace Opal, Black Opal, Wood Opal), Quartz crystals (Amethyst, Citrine, Rock Crystal (Mountain Crystal), Misty Quartz, Tiger’s Eye, Avanturine, Venus Stone, Rose Quartz), Tourmaline (Rubellite, Vardelite, Indigolite), Topaz, Moonstone, Turquoise, Spodumene, Amber, Lazurite (Lapis Lazuli), Jet, Diopside, Amozonite, Meerschaum, Labradorite, Epidote (Zoisite, Tanzanite), Spinel, Jadeite, Jade or Jad, Rhodonite, Rodochrosite, Granat Minerals (Spessartite, Grosullar Hessonite, Dermontoite, Uvarovite, Pyrope, Almandine), Diaspore Crystals, Kemerrerite.
Minerals are beneath the sovereignty and disposition of the Point out they are not underneath the proprietorship of the land house owners of the land wherever they exist. None of the rights similar to first software (priority), exploration license, and discovery and procedure license recognized above the minerals can be divided into shares.
Mining licenses and discovery legal rights are transferrable furnishing the approval of the Ministry of Vitality and Organic Sources. Legal rights and obligations more than mines can be handed on by way of inheritance. These rights and obligations shall be transferred to a single of the inheritors or to a 3rd party that fulfill the skills under the Regulation, by a electrical power of legal professional that contains the energy of attorneys of all the inheritors. In the party inheritors can’t attain an settlement, upon the software of a person of the inheritors, the court docket will adjudge to allocate this suitable to the most proficient of the inheritors or if this is not also attainable, to sell the license. The court docket shall settle this make a difference by the application of simple demo method. In the party a court docket circumstance is not submitted, licenses whose assignment transactions are not finished in 6 months shall be abolished.
Mining legal rights shall be granted to the Turkish citizens that are qualified to dispose civil legal rights, providers that are established in accordance with the guidelines of Turkish Republic and whose statute prescribes that mining is involved in their area of activity, public financial enterprises that are authorized on this subject and their entities, affiliates and associates and other community institutes, institutions and administrations. Mining licenses shall be issued particularly to the name of the persons or the lawful entity.
The principles with regard to the efficiency of mining and licensing pursuits, like the issues on strategies of mining for zones to be licensed, mining locations, sort of mine, environmental affect of the proposed investment decision, and urbanization may be restricted by Ministry of Electrical power and Natural Means.