Justice and reparations still critical, 30 years on from Sarajevo siege — Global Issues


The siege commenced soon after Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence in the wake of the dissolution of the former Yugoslavia. 

Bosnian Serbs mainly opposed independence, whilst the other two big ethnic teams, Muslim Bosniaks and Croats, favoured the split from Belgrade. 

Bosnian Serb troops commenced bombarding the cash metropolis in April 1992, a sustained assault which lasted for practically four yrs. 

This was the longest blockade because the 2nd Entire world War, with far more than 12,000 people today killed, and marked a important second in the Bosnian War. 

Battling denial of atrocities 

The UN Resident Coordinator for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ingrid Macdonald, has met with survivors’ associations throughout the country. 

Ms. Macdonald continues to highlight the relevance of countering the denial of atrocity crimes and glorification of war criminals,explained UN Spokesperson Stéphane Dujarric, speaking all through his everyday briefing from New York. 

“She reported that these rhetoric perpetuates the suffering of survivors and households of victims and has no place in a democratic modern society,” Mr. Dujarric advised journalists. 

Women near the town of Kladanj, in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1995).

© UNICEF/LeMoyne

Women of all ages near the city of Kladanj, in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1995).

Stop hatred and discrimination  

Ms. Macdonald has also appealed for political leaders to get steps to reduce and act on all manifestations of hatred and discrimination. 

They are also urged to make certain all people today there dwell in an natural environment of mutual knowledge, regard and dignity.   

The UN has frequently spoken out towards increasing hate speech in the region, and in neighbouring Serbia, decades following the Bosnian War. 

The conflict ended in December 1995 and was among the the bloodiest preventing to arise in Europe through the very last century. 

Horrific crimes ended up dedicated, such as ethnic cleaning campaigns these types of as the July 1995 massacre of 1000’s of Muslim men and boys in Srebrnica. 

Previous June, a UN courtroom upheld the 2017 everyday living sentence imposed on Bosnia Serb army main Ratko Mladić who commanded the killings. 


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